Homelessness has turned to be a real public health issue due to the intrinsic lack of rationale and consequences of sustainable solutions to mitigate the phenomenon. Now, significantly impacted with another unfortunate but real public social issue, rampant immigration. But homelessness roots have been studied for decades with no significant “benchmark” outcomes. According to Dr. Deborah Johnson, in her doctor dissertation, Shinn, Greer, Bainbridge, Kwon, and Zuiderveen (2013) found the same risk factors for shelter entry currently exist as in the 1980s and 1990s; the main risk factor for shelter entry was previous time spent in a homeless shelter. In fact, the client's self-reported homelessness was a stronger predictor for current shelter need than any other risk factors.
Risk factors for homelessness in United States and other countries have been researched for many years. Another risk factors for individuals related to this phenomenon is the lack of social and institutional support. As an option to combat this phenomenon is developing sustainable projects such as low-income housing assistance, which can provide both social and structural support to low-income families.